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Plan: Wind Development Plan of the 13th Five Year Plan “十三五” Published by NEA
The NEA recently published the Wind Power Development Plan of the 13th Five Year Plan. The development plan lays out comprehensive onshore and offshore installation targets per province for 2020. According to the document, by the end of 2015, total installed wind capacity was 129 GW, and total power generation from wind 186.3 TWh, which was 3.3% of national power consumption. By 2020, installed wind capacity will be 210 GW, with total power generation more than doubling to 420 TWh, 6% of national power consumption. The development plan also highlights cross provincial UHV transmission lines under construction or that have recently come online, aimed at delivering power from the north to east and central China. (NEA CN)
Long Distance Cross-Provincial UHV Transmission Lines Highlighted in Wind Power Development Plan
2015 Installed Capacity and 2020 Targets, by province
Source: Azure International, NEA
The wind development plan calls for continued capacity expansion by 2020, however, as seen in the chart above, 64% of new capacity additions, 64 GW, will be in southern provinces with less robust wind resources. This reflects central planners desire to ease high curtailment levels in the “three norths”, 三北, area of the Northwest, Northeast and North China grids. Provinces seeing the largest capacity increase to 2020 are Yunnan (7.9 GW, 191%); Hebei (7.8 GW, 76%); Jiangsu (5.4 GW, 131%); and Henan (5.1 GW, 559%). Provinces that saw the highest levels of curtailment in 2016, such as Gansu (1.48 GW, 12%) Xinjiang (1.09 GW, 6%) and Jilin (0.56 GW, 13%) are targeted for much smaller capacity increases. Offshore wind development is also emphasized, with Fujian set to build 3 GW, or 60% of total offshore wind, by 2020.
Plan: Hydro Development Plan of the 13th Five Year Plan “十三五” Published by NEA
Along with the Wind Development Plan, The NEA also recently published the Hydro Power Development Plan of the 13th Five Year Plan. By the end of 2015, total hydro capacity reached 319.5 GW (including normal hydro at 296.5 GW, and pumped hydro at 23 GW). Furthermore, 2015 saw total hydro power generation of 1,100 TWh, occupying 19.4% of national power generation. For 2020, the development plan sets overall targets for installed capacity to reach 380 GW (of which normal hydro is 340 GW, and pumped hydro 40 GW), while total power generation should reach 1,250 TWh.
Source: Azure International
During the period covered by the 13th Five Year Plan, total investment in hydro power will reach 500 billion RMB. Large-medium scale normal hydro will receive the majority of investments, at 350 billion CNY, while small scale normal hydro is set to receive 50 billion RMB in investments and pumped hydro to receive 100 billion RMB in investments.
Overseas: Sany Group Signs MoU with Indian State of Gujarat
Sany Group Co of China announced a 2 billion USD investment plan into the Indian state Gujarat between 2017 and 2020. The memorandum of understanding contained planned investments for projects pertaining to wind, solar, housing and smart city initiatives, as well as building a wind turbine production plant. Sany Group will also invest in the development of another gigawatt of wind-plus-solar power generation projects. (SEE)
Sany's substantial investment into India comes as the country recently announced its plan to increase its installed solar capacity from current 4 GW to 12 GW by the end of next year, and to reach 100 GW by 2022. This MoU follows Sany's autumn 2015 announcement where Sany announced its intention to build 1 GW of wind projects in India between 2017 and 2022. Investments abroad increasingly look attractive to Chinese wind and solar companies as their domestic market faces increased curtailment for wind, and a recent sudden tariff cut for solar. (Kallinesh Energy)
Overseas: CNBM of China Lands 212 Million USD Solar Project in Portugal
China National Building Material Group Corp signed an engineering, procurement and construction EPC contract for a Portuguese solar farm totaling over 212 million USD in value. CNBM will be the turnkey contractor for the 221 MW Solara 4 Vaqueiros photovoltaic (PV) park. (SEE)
With the 221 MW Solara 4 Vaqueiros PV park in Portugal, CNBM is more than doubling its presence in Europe. CNBM already has 200 MW of solar projects in the UK.