For further enquiries or if you are interested to
learn more about how we can collaborate, please
contact us directly at:
Tel: +86 10 8447 7053
Fax: +86 10 8447 7058
Local DRC releases Guangdong new bidding mechanisms for offshore wind farms
The Guangdong Development and Reform Commission (DRC) has drafted new measures for competitive bidding of offshore wind power projects within the province in an attempt to promote efficient development of offshore wind power and technology, industrial upgrading, as well as market-oriented development. The measures are currently being implemented in a trial period and apply to select projects as detailed below.
Scope of application:
1. Projects approved before 2019 – FIT (0.85CNY/kWh)
2. Projects with determined investment entities and approved after 2018 will be subject to competitive on-grid tariffs and development rankings
3. Projects that have not yet determined investment entities before May 18, 2018 will be required to determine the investment entities and will be subject to competitive on-grid tariffs and development rankings (Guangdong DRC)
Guangdong Zhuhai Guishan 102MW offshore wind farm (Operating)
According to the scope of application of this policy, Azure thinks that multiple offshore projects in Guangdong will be approved within this month. The Guangdong DRC has previously published an opinion on this policy in August earlier this year (Azure news). The policy has not changed much since the draft, and still favors local developers as only references in Guangdong province and China are taken in account. However based on discussions with local governments and players in Guangdong we believe this is an omission rather than a deliberate intention to exclude foreign investors from Guangdong.
Yangjiang DRC approves China’s largest offshore wind farm
CGN’s Yangjiang Fanshi I 1,000MW offshore wind farm has been approved for construction by the Yangjiang DRC. The 1,000MW offshore wind farm surpasses what used to be the largest wind farm in China, the Zhenjiang Xuwen 600MW offshore wind farm, by 400MW, making it now number one. CGN’s Yangjiang Fanshi I 1,000MW offshore wind farm is located south of Yangjiang’s Nanpeng Island in Guangdong Province. The project plans to deploy 5.5MW WTG and feature three 220kV offshore substations. The turbines will be installed in depths of 38m to 50m, and the wind farm will be constructed between 2020 and 2025 with a total investment above 18.8 billion CNY. (Yangjiang DRC)
CGN’s Yangjiang Fanshi I project belongs to the Yangjiang deep-water offshore wind zone II (as outlined in the Guangdong offshore wind development plan). With increases in water depth, floating foundations may have more advantage than the traditional WTG foundations and some of the developpers are interested to test floating technologies. Since November 2018, Yangjiang City has approved 3,300MW offshore wind projects but has more than 5,000MW of pipeline is still under review by the local government. Azure thinks that some of the remaining pipeline will be approved within this month.
6,000MW unsubsidized onshore wind project FSR passes review
The Feasibility Study Report (FSR) for the first phase of SPIC’s IMAR Ulanqab 6,000MW onshore wind project has passed review. The project will be listed in the National 2018 Wind Development Plan and will not be receiving national electricity price subsidies. (SPIC)
Ulanqab has access to Type I wind resources and belongs to the West IMAR power grid. The aim is for the project to sell electricity at the local on-grid price of 0.28CNY/kWh instead of 0.4CNY/kWh like other nearby wind farms that benefit from a feed-in-tariff. However in counterpart, UHV power lines are being build specifically for this wind base which should enable to guarantee close to 100% energy offtake, whereas other nearby projects that suffer from severe curtailment
Taiwan 2025 “non-nuclear home” target fails
A November 30 referendum on abolishing Taiwan’s 2025 non-nuclear target has resulted in the failure of the ruling. Previously, the Taiwanese government proclaimed that Taiwan would stop all operations of nuclear power generation plants before 2025 and replace them with clean energy. On December 2, the act has been declared ineffective. (MOEA)
Taiwan 2025 installed capacity by technology [resource]
Earlier this year, Taiwan approved 5,500MW of offshore wind projects and aimed to have all the projects operating by 2025. The 5,500MW of offshore projects were divided into 3,836MW selected projects and 1,664MW auctioned projects.
China State Grid and Portugal REN sign MOU for cooperation in energy
On December 5 (Portugal local time), under the joint witness of Chinese President Xi Jinping and Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Costa, China State Grid and Portugal’s national energy network REN signed an MOU at the Cruz Palace in Lisbon to deepen cooperation and development in the energy field. With this framework, the two sides agree to utilize their respective advantages in South America, Africa and Europe, as well as other regions, to explore energy infrastructure cooperation. China and Portugal are to strengthen joint R&D of new energy technology and the exchange of business best practices via specialized personnel visits between the two countries. (CEC)
In 2012, China State Grid acquired 25% of REN’s stock for 387 million EUR and became the company’s largest shareholder.
Yangjiang DRC approves two Mingyang offshore wind projects
The Development and Reform Commission (DRC) of Yangjiang, a city in China’s southern Guangdong Province, has approved two offshore wind projects to be owned and developped by one of the country’s largest private wind turbine manufacturer Mingyang.
Mingyang Yangjiang Shaba 300MW Wind Farm
Mingyang MySE5.5-7.0MW Installation at Xinghua Bay
The Mingyang MySE5.5-7.0MW platform is already being tested at the Three Gorges Xinghua Bay offshore demonstration project in Fujian. The technology is based on the same platform as the Mingyang 5.5MW turbine, and will be deployed in large volume in the Yangjian projects. Interestingly, these projects are being developed by Mingyang which is both private and a turbine manufacturer, which changes from the usual large state owned utilities which dominate most of the pipeline. Mingyang is also setting up a blade manufacturing base in Yangjiang’s High Tech Development Zone with a capacity of 230 blade set per year (with each set being made of 3 blades).
Jieyang DRC approves SPIC Jieyang Shenquan II 350MW project
The Jieyang DRC has reviewed and approved phase two of SPIC’s Jieyang offshore project application. The project will have a total installed capacity of 750MW, divided into two phases, Shenquan I with 400MW and Shenquan II with 350MW. Shenquan I was approved in August earlier this year with plans to install 73 units of 5.5MW WTG. Shenquan II has plans to use 64 units of 5.5MW WTG. (Jieyang DRC)
A large number of big wind farms are being approved in Guangdong this week. This is driven by a strong will from local governments to boost the local offshore wind industry, as well as by a rush to get projects approved this year in order to benefit from the 0.85 CNY/kWh tariff.
Data shows national wind total installed capacity reached 177GW by end of October
The National Energy Administration (NEA) has released data on the national power industry from January to October 2018. The numbers revealed that by the end of October, the national wind total installed capacity was 177.57MW. From January to October, wind utilization hours totaled 1,724 hrs, an increase of 172 hrs from the same period last year. (NEA)
Imports less than or equal to 6MW now required to pay duties and value-added taxes
The Ministry of Finance has decided to revise relevant catalogues of import tax policies for major technical equipment according to the development of the domestic equipment manufacturing industry and its supporting industries in recent years. Among the revisions, it is now stated that imports of technical equipment of less than or equal to 6MW should pay an import duty and an import value-added tax. (MOF)
Imports of major technical equipment and catalogues not exempt from taxes:
What is also suggested by the policy is that whole wind turbine systems of more than 6MW would not be subject to import duty and import VAT (which sum to more than 20%). Maybe an opportunity for foreign suppliers to sell large turbines in China ?
Reports show rapid development in grid side power storage
Since the beginning of this year, China's grid side energy storage has developed rapidly. At present, local governments and power grid enterprises in Jiangsu, Henan, Qinghai, Gansu and other regions are actively deploying grid side energy storage projects. According to statistics from the CNESA global energy storage project library, from January to September 2018, the installed capacity of electrochemical energy storage connected to China's power grid reached 150MW, of which 140MW was newly installed. (People)
Local DRC pre-approves SPIC Zhanjiang Xuwen offshore wind project
The Zhanjiang City Development and Reform Bureau has released a public notice regarding the Zhanjiang Xuwen offshore wind project and is now accepting feedback during the notice period. The project is divided into two phases and has a total planned installed capacity of 600MW. The estimated annual on-grid power for this project is 1.5Twh and the annual equivalent full load hours is 2505h. The project will also involve the construction of 2 units of 220kv offshore substations. (Zhanjiang DRC)
In December 2017, the Zhanjiang government, SPIC and Mingyang Wind Power signed an MOU for the Zhanjiang Xuwen offshore wind project. The agreement stated that:
Q1 ~ Q3 PV newly installed capacity decreases 19.7% YOY
According to the National Energy Administration (NEA), China’s PV power generation newly installed capacity totaled 34.5GW in the first three quarters of 2018, down 19.7% year-on-year (YOY). Among that figure, centralized PV newly installed capacity made up 17.4GW and distributed PV newly installed capacity made up 17.1GW. By the end of September, the national PV total installed capacity was 164.7GW, with 117.9GW in centralized PV and 46.8GW in distributed PV. (NEA)
The chart above represents the percentage of PV newly installed capacity that each region accounts for of the total 34.5GW. The sharp decrease (19.7%) in Q1 ~ Q3 PV newly installed capacity can be seen as a direct result of the “PV 531” policy.
ZSOAF pre-approves CGN Daishan IV offshore wind project sea area use right
On November 13, the Zhoushan Ocean and Fishery Bureau released a public notice for the CGN Daishan IV Offshore Wind Power Project’s (Phase I) sea area use application, giving the public a period of 20 days to voice any objections or hearing requests. The CGN Daishan IV offshore wind farm is planned to have a total installed capacity of 216MW and a total investment of 4 billion CNY. (ZSOAF)
3-Gorges plans to transfer 61% stake in pumped storage power generation company
On November 19, 3-Gorges announced plans to transfer a 61% stake in Hohhot Pumped Storage Power Generation Co., Ltd. for a reserve price of 929 million CNY. The IMAR hydro pump power generation company was established in 2005 with a registered capital of 1.5 billion CNY. As of October 31, 2018, the company’s financial report stated that its operating income was 838 million CNY, total assets were 6.224 billion CNY, and owner's equity was 1.322 billion CNY. (CS)
JHD and Guangxi HOPE sign MOU for waste power battery recycling
On November 20, JHD (Guangdong Guanghua Sci-Tech Co., Ltd) and Guangxi HOPE Automobile Co., Ltd signed an MOU regarding waste power battery recycling. Through the cooperation between the two parties, organic integration of economic benefits, environmental benefits and social benefits can be realized, and a model for the recycling and utilization of power batteries as well as for a circular economy can be established. (Finance Sina)
As evidence of JHD’s commitment to environmental and social responsibility, the company was among the first batch of automobile, motorcycle, three-wheeled vehicle and freight car products and producers approved by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) based on its Interim Measures for the Management of Recycling and Utilization of Power Batteries of New Energy Vehicles. Additionally, apart from this MOU JHD also signed with BJEV and Skywell (Nanjing Jinlong) to cooperate and advance sustainable development in China.
NEA revises RPS on quota system and policies
The National Energy Administration (NEA) has revised the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) on the premise of keeping the quota system and policies basically the same. Previously, in March and September of this year, the NEA published two drafts for the RPS. In this notice, the methods for measuring provincial-level regional quotas, monitoring and evaluating the quotas and assessing the market entities that bear the quota obligations are as follows:
Non-hydro RPS required
(Note: The column on the right indicates the number of 100MW wind farms which would need to be built by 2020 to satisfy the increase in RPS requirement (assuming the whole gap is filled with wind, with utilization hours of 1800 hours, and also assuming average annual city power consumption growth of 5%).
Yangjiang DRC approves 3-Gorges Yangjiang Xishapa III offshore wind project
The Yangjiang Development and Reform Commission (DRC) has approved the Yangjiang Xishapa III offshore wind project, which plans to install 73 units of 5.5MW WTG. This project includes two zones: Zone A1 will hold 55 units of WTG connected to a newly installed offshore substation and Zone A2 will hold 18 units connected to the 3-Gorges Xishapa II offshore substation. (Yangjiang DRC)
In the Xishapa area, 3-Gorges has five offshore wind projects in total:
China releases biomass electricity on-grid price research report
According to the “Biomass Electricity Price Policy Research Report” jointly published by the National Renewable Energy Centre, the Energy Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission, and the Biomass Energy Branch of the China Association for the Promotion of Industrial Development, the gap between subsidy funds and installed capacity of China’s renewable energy has continued to widen. By the end of 2017, a total of 14.4 billion CNY, of which 6.41 billion CNY was agricultural and forestry biomass, and 1,228MW (about 8% of total installed capacity) were not included in the government subsidy list. The report outlines the challenges in biomass power generation—projects have high cost, weak profitability, long payback periods, subsidy arrears—alongside the important role biomass power generation plays in environmental protection, people’s livelihood and clean heating. (BJX)
Jiangsu sets 2019 power trading target at 300TWh
The 2019 Jiangsu power market transaction notice states that the province’s power trading target is 300TWh based on a two-sided negotiation and bidding system. On the power demand side, power voltage levels of 10kV and above are required to participate in trading. On the power supply side, trading participation is open to thermal and nuclear power units. (JSPEC)
Jiangsu’s total power consumption in 2017 was 580TWh, and total power consumption for 2019 is estimated to reach 630TWh, putting the 300TWh power market trading target at half of total power consumption.
Zhejiang gas on-grid price temporarily increases 0.2 CNY/kWh
From October 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018, Zhejiang will increase gas power generation on-grid price by 0.202CNY/kWh. During this period, 9F and 6F power generation units’ on-grid price will be 0.73CNY/kWh. 9E and 6B power generation units’ on-grid price will be 0.79 CNY/kWh. (Zhejiang DRC)
In comparison, Zhejiang’s wind on-grid price sits at 0.57CNY/kWh based on resource type IV, and its PV on-grid price at 0.85CNY/kWh based on resource type III. This is encouraging evidence that wind and solar are competitive players in the region.
Q3 2018 report shows China boosts grid-connected offshore capacity by 1,020MW
By the end of Q3 2018, China’s yearly installedwind capacity reached 12,610MW, a 30% year-on-year (YOY) increase. Total wind generation capacity in China was 267.6TWh, a 26% YOY increase. For China’s grid-connected offshore wind, there was 1,020MW newly added capacity, mainly concentrated in Jiangsu (920MW) and Fujian (90MW) provinces. (NEA)
Fujian DRC approves Fujian Putian City offshore wind farm
Fujian Putian City offshore wind farm will be located in Xinghua Bay, with plans to set 40 units of 5.0MW WTG. Project details – distance from shore: 3km; depth range: 5 to 15m; total investment: 3.44 billion CNY.
SPIC Dafeng H3#300MW offshore wind farm first 6 WTG units connected to the grid
The 75-unit 4.0MW WTG SPIC Dafeng H3#300MW offshore wind power project has been successfully connected to the grid. The project is located in Yancheng City’s Binhai County in Jiangsu Province. Project details – distance from shore: 36km; depth range: 17.9 to 18.3m; sea area: 46km2; total investment: 4.96 billion CNY (excludes onshore investment) (CEC)
Before this project, SPIC already had two offshore wind farms completed and in operation.
SPIC Binhai North H1# - 25 units 4.0MW WTG operating in May 2015
SPIC Binhai North H2# - 100 units 4.0MW WTG operating in June 2018
2017 wind power generation average on-grid price decreases 0.43% YOY
The 2017 national wind power generation average on-grid price was 0.5623CNY/kWh, a 0.43% YOY decrease. Shanghai’s average on-grid price, ranked the highest, was 0.7519CNY/kWh, whereas Yunnan’s was only 0.4238CNY/kWh. (Average on-grid price = power sale income / on-gird power * 1.17 including TAX) (NEA)
CIP & Century Group sign 16.5 billion TWD offshore wind foundation contract
The Copenhagen Infrastructure Fund (CIP) and Century Group (Century) signed an Offshore Wind Foundation Contract for 16.5 billion TWD on October 2. CIP Zhangfang and CIP Xidao, which have a total capacity of 600MW and more than 60 units of offshore wind foundations, will be handed over to Century Group, making it the highest single contract in the history of offshore wind power in Taiwan. (CIP tw)
CIP Taiwan offshore projects
The project is based on Taiwan’s goal to remove nuclear power plants by 2025. Taiwan wants to install a 520MW offshore wind farm in 2020 and a total of 3,000MW offshore wind farms by 2025. In phase I of CIP Zhangfang offshore wind farm, 100MW will be operating in 2021, and in phase II, 452MW will be operating in 2023. For CIP Xidao offshore wind farm, 48MW will be operating in 2024.
Baoxin Energy and CGN sign MoU for 1,400MW offshore wind project
Baoxin Energy has announced the signing of an MoU with CGN for a 1,400MW offshore wind project. The two sides will negotiate a cooperation agreement based on the letter of intent for cooperation. According to the letter, the two sides intend to jointly develop the Shanwei Jiazi Offshore Wind Farm (900MW) and the Shanwei Houhu Offshore Wind Farm (500MW). After the Shanwei Houhu (500MW) Offshore Wind Farm project is approved, Baoxin Energy and CGN will establish a JV in which CNG will hold 80% and Baoxin 20%. (Sina Finance)
Shanwei Houhu 500MW project sea area diagram.
CGN is a large clean energy group. By the end of 2017, CGN had 21,470MW of nuclear plants in operation, 10,270MW under construction, more than 11GW of wind installed, and more than 2GW of PV installed.
NEA publishes letter promoting non-subsidized PV & Wind on-grid work
In the context ofon going Photovoltaic (PV) & Wind technology advancement and cost reductions, the National Energy Administration (NEA) announced that it will further promote the acceleration of renewable energy development and competitiveness, and eliminate subsidy dependence as soon as possible. Non-subsidized PV & Wind projects will be approved by local governments and should sign long-term contracts with local power grid companies with curtailment levels below 5%. In this notice, NEA also announced plans to promote direct trading in PV & Wind. In direct trading, PV & Wind developers and customers negotiatean on-grid price and pay a T&D (Transmission and Distribution) price to the power grid company. (BJX)
Non-subsidized renewable energy direct trading.
For illustration, wind farms connected in type I wind resource areas (mostly in North, NE and NW China) can currently receive a subsidized on-grid tariff of 0.4CNY/kWh, whereas thermal power plants in the same region receive between 0.25 and 0.30 CNY/kWh. However these same wind farms often face severe curtailment, with up to 30% of possible production lost because of grid off-take challenges. .
NEA data show national wind power utilization hours increase 167hrs by end of August
The National Energy Administration (NEA) has released statistics on the national electricity industry for January to August. Between January and August, national power consumption was 4,529.6TWh, a 9% YOY increase. During this period, there was also 10.26GW of newly installed wind capacity with 1,412 utilization hours. (NEA)
Azure has summarized some of the key data in the graph below: