• China Cleantech Update

     News Summary:

    • Yangjiang DRC approves 3-Gorges Yangjiang Xishapa III offshore wind project
    • China releases biomass electricity on-grid price research report
    • Jiangsu sets 2019 power trading target at 300TWh
    • Zhejiang gas on-grid price temporarily increases 0.2 CNY/kWh

     

     

    Yangjiang DRC approves 3-Gorges Yangjiang Xishapa III offshore wind project

    The Yangjiang Development and Reform Commission (DRC) has approved the Yangjiang Xishapa III offshore wind project, which plans to install 73 units of 5.5MW WTG. This project includes two zones: Zone A1 will hold 55 units of WTG connected to a newly installed offshore substation and Zone A2 will hold 18 units connected to the 3-Gorges Xishapa II offshore substation. (Yangjiang DRC)

     AzureChinaCleantechNews12Nov2018 01

     

     

    In the Xishapa area, 3-Gorges has five offshore wind projects in total:

    AzureChinaCleantechNews12Nov2018 02 

     

     

    China releases biomass electricity on-grid price research report

    According to the “Biomass Electricity Price Policy Research Report” jointly published by the National Renewable Energy Centre, the Energy Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission, and the Biomass Energy Branch of the China Association for the Promotion of Industrial Development, the gap between subsidy funds and installed capacity of China’s renewable energy has continued to widen. By the end of 2017, a total of 14.4 billion CNY, of which 6.41 billion CNY was agricultural and forestry biomass, and 1,228MW (about 8% of total installed capacity) were not included in the government subsidy list. The report outlines the challenges in biomass power generation—projects have high cost, weak profitability, long payback periods, subsidy arrears—alongside the important role biomass power generation plays in environmental protection, people’s livelihood and clean heating. (BJX)

    AzureChinaCleantechNews12Nov2018 03AzureChinaCleantechNews12Nov2018 04 

     

     

     

    Jiangsu sets 2019 power trading target at 300TWh

    The 2019 Jiangsu power market transaction notice states that the province’s power trading target is 300TWh based on a two-sided negotiation and bidding system. On the power demand side, power voltage levels of 10kV and above are required to participate in trading. On the power supply side, trading participation is open to thermal and nuclear power units. (JSPEC)

     

    Jiangsu’s total power consumption in 2017 was 580TWh, and total power consumption for 2019 is estimated to reach 630TWh, putting the 300TWh power market trading target at half of total power consumption.

     

     

    Zhejiang gas on-grid price temporarily increases 0.2 CNY/kWh

    From October 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018, Zhejiang will increase gas power generation on-grid price by 0.202CNY/kWh. During this period, 9F and 6F power generation units’ on-grid price will be 0.73CNY/kWh. 9E and 6B power generation units’ on-grid price will be 0.79 CNY/kWh. (Zhejiang DRC)

    In comparison, Zhejiang’s wind on-grid price sits at 0.57CNY/kWh based on resource type IV, and its PV on-grid price at 0.85CNY/kWh based on resource type III. This is encouraging evidence that wind and solar are competitive players in the region.

  • China Cleantech Update

    News Summary:

     

    • NEA revises RPS on quota system and policies
    • Mingyang Smart Energy Group approved for IPO
    • Zhejiang Daishan signs MOU with XEMC, CCCC Third Harbor and Ningbo Dongfang Cable
    • Beijing increases natural gas price during winter heating period
    • Yangjiang promotes investment activities in wind power industry
    • Hebei publishes 2018 Engineering Research Center Construction List proposal
    • MOEA reaffirms commitments to reach 5.5 GW of offshore wind by 2025
    • Jiangsu promotes PPP projects in revision of awards and supplemental funds

     

     

    NEA revises RPS on quota system and policies

    The National Energy Administration (NEA) has revised the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) on the premise of keeping the quota system and policies basically the same. Previously, in March and September of this year, the NEA published two drafts for the RPS. In this notice, the methods for measuring provincial-level regional quotas, monitoring and evaluating the quotas and assessing the market entities that bear the quota obligations are as follows:

    1. The 2020 indicator is a guiding indicator, which is dynamically adjusted according to the situation of renewable energy resources and the transmission of renewable energy across provincial and inter-regional channels. When the indicators for 2020 are measured, the proportion of renewable energy in Jiuquan-Hunan, Zalute-Shandong, Ningxia-Shandong, Shanghai-Shandong, Ningdong-Zhejiang UHV transmission channels is considered to be no less than 30%.
      There has been some debate about whether UHV transmission lines were built to support renewables or just to move coal and pollution from the big cities to more remote areasThis policy inticates the answer is 'a bit of both', suggesting the need to continue building both renewables and new coal power plants in West China.
    2. The minimum renewable energy index that should be achieved for each provincial administrative region is a binding indicator, and the incentive index is determined by exceeding 10% of the binding index.
    3. For the provincial administrative areas where the quota of renewable energy power reaches 80%(including hydro [i.e., Sichuan and Yunnan), no binding monitoring and evaluation will be carried out.(NEA)

    Non-hydro RPS required

    AzureChinaCleantechNews19Nov2018 04

     (Note: The column on the right indicates the number of 100MW wind farms which would need to be built by 2020 to satisfy the increase in RPS requirement (assuming the whole gap is filled with wind, with utilization hours of 1800 hours, and also assuming average annual city power consumption growth of 5%).

      

  • China Cleantech Update March 02, 2016

    News Summary:

    • State Council looking to nurture new energy automobile industry
    • Guangdong publishes notice on reforming electricity sale
    • First domestic 1.5kV PV system gets grid connection
    • Xinjiang grid investments to reach 221 billion RMB in 13th five-year plan
    • Rudong 100MW offshore windfarm connects to grid


     
    Automotive: State Council Identifies Measures to Support New Energy Automobile Industry
    The State Council is identifying new measures to support the new energy automobile industry. It has focused on five areas of innovation. 

    1. New breakthroughs in battery technologies
    2. Electric vehicle charging infrastructure
    3. Increased share of new energy vehicles in public transportation
    4. Higher quality new energy vehicles
    5. Better subsidy and support policies for purchasing new energy vehicles (Gov CN)

    The development of the new energy vehicles has the potential to be a major contributor to carbon emission reductions. Last year, 330,000 new energy vehicles were sold in China
     



     

  • China Cleantech Update November 05, 2018

    News Summary:

    • Q3 2018 report shows China boosts grid-connected offshore capacity by 1,020MW
    • Fujian DRC approves Fujian Putian City offshore wind farm
    • SPIC Dafeng H3#300MW offshore wind farm first 6 WTG units connected to the grid
    • 2017 wind power generation average on-grid price decreases 0.43% YOY
    • CIP & Century Group sign 16.5 billion TWD offshore wind foundation contract
    • Baoxin Energy and CGN sign MoU for 1,400MW offshore wind project
    • NEA publishes letter promoting non-subsidized PV & Wind on-grid work
    • NEA data show national wind power utilization hours increase 167hrs by end of August

     

    Q3 2018 report shows China boosts grid-connected offshore capacity by 1,020MW

    By the end of Q3 2018, China’s yearly installedwind capacity reached 12,610MW, a 30% year-on-year (YOY) increase. Total wind generation capacity in China was 267.6TWh, a 26% YOY increase. For China’s grid-connected offshore wind, there was 1,020MW newly added capacity, mainly concentrated in Jiangsu (920MW) and Fujian (90MW) provinces. (NEA)

    AzureChinaCleantechNews15Oct2018 04

    AzureChinaCleantechNews15Oct2018 05

     

     

    Fujian DRC approves Fujian Putian City offshore wind farm

    Fujian Putian City offshore wind farm will be located in Xinghua Bay, with plans to set 40 units of 5.0MW WTG. Project details – distance from shore: 3km; depth range: 5 to 15m; total investment: 3.44 billion CNY.

     AzureChinaCleantechNews15Oct2018 06

     

     

     SPIC Dafeng H3#300MW offshore wind farm first 6 WTG units connected to the grid

    The 75-unit 4.0MW WTG SPIC Dafeng H3#300MW offshore wind power project has been successfully connected to the grid. The project is located in Yancheng City’s Binhai County in Jiangsu Province. Project details – distance from shore: 36km; depth range: 17.9 to 18.3m; sea area: 46km2; total investment: 4.96 billion CNY (excludes onshore investment)(CEC)

     AzureChinaCleantechNews15Oct2018 01

    Before this project, SPIC already had two offshore wind farms completed and in operation.

    SPIC Binhai North H1# - 25 units 4.0MW WTG operating in May 2015

    SPIC Binhai North H2# - 100 units 4.0MW WTG operating in June 2018

     

     

    2017 wind power generation average on-grid price decreases 0.43% YOY

    The 2017 national wind power generation average on-grid price was 0.5623CNY/kWh, a 0.43% YOY decrease. Shanghai’s average on-grid price, ranked the highest, was 0.7519CNY/kWh, whereas Yunnan’s was only 0.4238CNY/kWh. (Average on-grid price = power sale income / on-gird power * 1.17 including TAX) (NEA)

    AzureChinaCleantechNews15Oct2018 02

     

     

    CIP & Century Group sign 16.5 billion TWD offshore wind foundation contract

    The Copenhagen Infrastructure Fund (CIP) and Century Group (Century) signed an Offshore Wind Foundation Contract for 16.5 billion TWD on October 2. CIP Zhangfang and CIP Xidao, which have a total capacity of 600MW and more than 60 units of offshore wind foundations, will be handed over to Century Group, making it the highest single contract in the history of offshore wind power in Taiwan. (CIP tw)

    CIP Taiwan offshore projects

    AzureChinaCleantechNews15Oct2018 03

    The project is based on Taiwan’s goal to remove nuclear power plants by 2025. Taiwan wants to install a 520MW offshore wind farm in 2020 and a total of 3,000MW offshore wind farms by 2025. In phase I of CIP Zhangfang offshore wind farm, 100MW will be operating in 2021, and in phase II, 452MW will be operating in 2023. For CIP Xidao offshore wind farm, 48MW will be operating in 2024.

     

     

    Baoxin Energy and CGN sign MoU for 1,400MW offshore wind project

    Baoxin Energy has announced the signing of an MoU with CGN for a 1,400MW offshore wind project. The two sides will negotiate a cooperation agreement based on the letter of intent for cooperation. According to the letter, the two sides intend to jointly develop the Shanwei Jiazi Offshore Wind Farm (900MW) and the Shanwei Houhu Offshore Wind Farm (500MW). After the Shanwei Houhu (500MW) Offshore Wind Farm project is approved, Baoxin Energy and CGN will establish a JV in which CNG will hold 80% and Baoxin 20%. (Sina Finance)

    Shanwei Houhu 500MW project sea area diagram.

    AzureChinaCleantechNews17Sep2018 02

     

    CGN is a large clean energy group. By the end of 2017, CGN had 21,470MW of nuclear plants in operation, 10,270MW under construction, more than 11GW of wind installed, and more than 2GW of PV installed.

     

     

    NEA publishes letter promoting non-subsidized PV & Wind on-grid work

    In the context ofon goingPhotovoltaic (PV) & Wind technology advancement and costreductions, the National Energy Administration (NEA) announced that it will further promote the acceleration of renewable energy development and competitiveness, and eliminate subsidy dependence as soon as possible. Non-subsidized PV & Wind projects will be approved by local governments and should sign long-term contracts with local power grid companies with curtailment levels below 5%. In this notice, NEA also announced plans to promote direct trading in PV & Wind. In direct trading, PV & Wind developers and customersnegotiateanon-grid price and payaT&D (Transmission and Distribution) price to the power grid company. (BJX)

    Non-subsidized renewable energy direct trading.

    AzureChinaCleantechNews17Sep2018 05

    For illustration, wind farms connected in type I wind resource areas (mostly in North, NE and NW China) can currently receive a subsidized on-grid tariff of0.4CNY/kWh, whereas thermalpower plants in the same region receive between0.25and 0.30 CNY/kWh. However these same wind farms often face severe curtailment, with up to 30% of possible production lost because of grid off-take challenges. .

     

     

    NEA data show national wind power utilization hours increase 167hrs by end of August

    The National Energy Administration (NEA) has released statistics on the national electricity industry for January to August. Between January and August, national power consumption was 4,529.6TWh, a 9% YOY increase. During this period, there was also 10.26GWofnewly installed wind capacity with 1,412 utilization hours. (NEA)

    Azure has summarized some of the key data in the graph below:

    AzureChinaCleantechNews17Sep2018 03

    AzureChinaCleantechNews17Sep2018 04

     

  • China Cleantech Update September 12, 2018

    News Summary:

    • Zhejiang province to limit coal production and energy consumption
    • NEA publishes national coal power ultra-low emission and energy saving targets
    • Wind production accounts for more than 5% of national total in 1H2018
    • Fujian and Shandong cancel subsidies for distributed PV projects
    • China's first flexible high-voltage direct current (VSC HVDC) offshore wind farm
    • NDRC requires power trading companies to carry out shareholding reforms

     

     

    Zhejiang province to limit coal production and energy consumption

    According to this notice, Zhejiang will control the proportion of coal production, limit the development of high energy-consuming industries and promote development of new energy such as wind, PV and biomass. ( ZJDRC)

    Azure has summarized some of the key data in the graph below:

     AzureChinaCleantechNews01Sep2018 01

    Despite the notice announcing more support for new energy, we are in fact surprised by how small the numbers are for new wind installations. The projections are reasonable in light of historical installations, with average annual installations of 160MW over the past 7 years, but they are not in line with the target of reaching 4GW by 2020 according to the province's 13th 5 year plan, starting from 1.3GW in 1H2018.  We therefore assume that wind targets listed above are not including distributed wind projects nor offshore wind. Zhejiang currently has 252MW of offshore wind under construction and more than 1.2GW already approved.

     

     

    NEA publishes national coal power ultra-low emission and energy saving targets

    2018 National coal power ultra-low emission target: 48,680MW.

    Energy saving transformation target: 53,905MW. (NEA)

    Energy saving target map below:

     AzureChinaCleantechNews01Sep2018 02

     

     

    Wind production accounts for more than 5% of national total in 1H2018

    A total of82.9TWh of wind power was produced in China during1H2018 ,accounting for 5.4% of total on-grid power. Wind power trading reached 19.8TWh inluding 9TWh of cross-provincial trading. (CEC)

    1H2018 Wind power market trading diagram

    AzureChinaCleantechNews01Sep2018 03

    Large power generation groupshave participated in wind power transactions in 16 provinces,with the three provinces of Yunnan, Xinjiang and Gansu accounting for more than half. The average transaction pricein these provinces(including production as well ascross-provincialand / or cross-regionaltransmission price s) ranged between 0.37and 0.44 CNY/ kWh.

     

     

    Fujian and Shandong cancel subsidies for distributed PV projects

    Following the“531” < 国家发展改革委财政部国家能源局关于2018年光伏发电有关事项的通知> ( NDRC)policyrealised earlier this year, Shandong & Fujianprovinces are officially cancelling subsidies for newly connected PV project. The final subsidy amount or power tariff depends on the timing of both registration and connection of the project (BJX)

    Fujian distributed PV subsidy breakdown 

    AzureChinaCleantechNews01Sep2018 04

     

     

    China's first flexible high-voltage direct current (VSC HVDC) offshore wind farm

    ChinaHuadong Design Instituteis planning to open a groundbreaking 1.1 GW offshore wind farm 90 kilometres from the coast of Jiangsu Province in eastern China.DNV GL announced that it will provide technical support for the feasibility study of China's first flexible high-voltage direct current (VSC HVDC) offshore wind farm converter station.  ( BJX)

    Compared with traditional submarine high voltageAC power transmission(HVAC), VSC HVDC canminimizepowerlossesand is suitable for long distance and large capacity project.

     

     

    NDRC requires power trading companies to carry out shareholding reforms

    According to NDRC document #9 <中共中央国务院关于进一步深化电力体制改革的若干意见> and as part of the power market reform, many new power trading companies have been setup over the past two years. The result however is that most power trading companies are still wholly-owned subsidiaries of the grid company. In this new policy, NDRC now requires that preferably 50% and at least 20% of power trading companies stock be owned by enterprises independent of state grid.  ( NDRC